The Impact of Import and Export in Egypt on the Dollar


Import and export are vital components of any country’s economy, serving as key indicators of economic health and financial stability. In Egypt, they play a significant role in determining the value of the Egyptian pound against foreign currencies, particularly the US dollar. This article will explore the effects of import and export activities on the dollar’s value in the Egyptian market.

The Impact of Imports on the Dollar

Imports represent a substantial part of national expenditure in Egypt. Billions of dollars are spent annually on importing goods and raw materials from abroad. This significant outflow of hard currency increases the demand for dollars in the local market, thus raising its value against the Egyptian pound.

The Impact of Exports on the Dollar

Conversely, exports help bring hard currency into the country. The more Egypt exports, the more foreign currency revenue is generated, which helps support the value of the Egyptian pound against the dollar. Key industries such as agriculture, petroleum, and natural gas play a crucial role in boosting Egyptian exports.

Other Influencing Factors

In addition to import and export activities, several other factors influence the value of the dollar in Egypt, including:

  1. Monetary Policy: Central bank decisions on interest rates and other monetary policies directly affect the value of the Egyptian pound.
  2. Foreign Reserves: The size of the foreign currency reserves held by the Central Bank of Egypt impacts the local currency’s value.
  3. Foreign Investments: The inflow of foreign direct and indirect investments plays an important role in supporting the local economy and strengthening the Egyptian pound.


In conclusion, import and export activities have direct and significant effects on the dollar’s value in Egypt. While imports increase demand for dollars and raise its value, exports help bring in hard currency and support the Egyptian pound. To achieve sustainable economic balance, Egypt must work on boosting its exports and reducing its reliance on imported goods as much as possible.